Latin America
Teacher's Guide

April 21, 1999 Update
Remember, the "Kids' Versions" are aimed at K-6.
The team generated the following reports: Try the following activities:
Monica - Wanted: A Solution to the Puzzle in the Desert

Kids' version available!

Explore the bizarre line formations in the Nazca desert and learn about the theories of German archaeologist Maria Reiche.

We have a great lesson with more pictures and info about the Nazca Lines, in which your students make their own newspapers about them. You can check it out here

A lot of good graphing and art projects can emerge from this. Have them draw and describe what they would do if they were to create special figures or lines. What would your students want their own massive lines to point to, either nearby or in the sky? A lake, a river, a movie cinema? What would they construct it out of? Would it be visible to people flying over, or only people with special glasses?

Using graph paper, can they draw their figure at a small size in a corner, and then create the exact same image 2 or 3 times as big using the rest of the page (drawing to scale from a small graph paper square to a large square)?

Using the numbers Monica gives, how long would it take your students to create their figures if they were the size of the Nazca figures in hours? In days? In years?
Kavitha - Corruption by Corporate Conquistadors

Kavitha compares the actions of corporations' actions in Peru today with those of Pizarro in the 16th century.

This dispatch is cursory in its introduction to these issues, but it affords a great opportunity to explore some important issues. Look to raise these questions with your students, perhaps having students rate them on a 1-10 and then debate them:
Should locals have a right to profits gained from the local land?
Should the people who have money to get at resources have a greater right to the resources and the money that results?
Should it matter if a company is foreign?
How much environmental destruction is "acceptable" in exchange for getting lots of oil or minerals?
Shawn - Snake/Cats at the Lanzon de Templo Viaje

As Shawn adventures through the Pre-Incan ruins of Chavin, he travels through a complex network of 3000 year old tunnels to discover an anthropomorphic deity.

Have students look specifically to answer these questions:
How old is the site?
The people of Chavin traded with people as far north as where? (Can your students figure out how many miles that is using the Web?
What major empire was being born in Europe at the same time?
What does "anthropomorphic" mean?
Kevin - Hungry? How about some Cuy?

Kids' version available!

Enjoy Kevin's visit to Cajamarca where he hits the town for a dinner of cuy, guinea pig, a local delicacy.

Would your students like to try "cuy" (guinea pig) or not? What is the rarest thing they have eaten? What do they think of the fact that people in Cajamarca eat guinea pig? Why do they see it as different from what they eat?
Kevin - The Ventanillas: A View to Die for-twice!

On Kevin's visit to The Ventanillas, a burial site in the Valley of Otuzco, he learns about the ancient civilization's practice of reburying nobility.

If this is your students' first time reading about pre-Inca cultures, try out some of the lessons available in the "Lessons" section of the Teachers Zone. Also, have them explore the "Time Machine" to go back and learn more about other sites. Have them create a list of the top ten most interesting facts they find and note which culture they belonged to.

Otherwise, this is a good time reflect on all they have learned, as the focus will quickly shift now to the Inca!
Shawn - Inspiration in the Elevation: Huapi Mountain

Shawn and Abeja learn about the symptoms and perils of elevation sickness on their hike to Lago Churupa.

This dispatch provides some good info on AMS, but if you are interested, there is a lot more to learn! A simple search, perhaps on the topic of Everest, or mountain climbing, will turn this up for your students. Have them explain to their classmates some of the perils of rising so high above the oxygen-rich air they thrive on.
Making a Difference - Constant Threat at Big Mountain

Carried over from last week.

A discussion of how mining interests have threatened the native Dineh people in the US over a period of decades.

The Team encourages your students to learn more about the opportunities available to support the Navajo in their fight to protect their land.
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