Middle East
Teacher's Guide

March 4, 2000 Update
Remember, the "Kids' Versions" are aimed at K-6.

Check out this date's update
The team generated the following reports: Try the following activities:

Abeja - Walking on the Moon?

A visit to the bizarre white hillside created by calcium-rich hot springs in Pamukkale, Turkey. The article includes information about the mythology surrounding Pamukkale, the history of its use as a health spa in Roman times, and a basic scientific explanation of how the travertines are formed.

These formations were created by the same chemical and physical forces that are responsible for countless strange formations all over the world. Like the travertines of Pamukkale, caves formations often get named for their strange shapes and myths are created around them? Are there any examples of these kinds of formations in your local area, or have you or your students seen some similar formations firsthand? Using the information in the dispatch as a jumping off point, review the science behind the production of CaCO3 from mineral-rich water.

Andrew - Welcome to the Underground (Turkish Style)

The Team discovers the underground cities and caves of Cappadocia in the Anatolian region of Turkey. They discuss the early civilizations and the lifestyles of the people that lived there.

As Andrew mentions, these cities were most likely built underground for defense purposes. Try to reconstruct a possible history of the caves, basing your guesses on the facts in Andrew's dispatch and information from other Turkey dispatches and the Turkey timeline. Are your students aware that Christian's were persecuted during Roman times and may have been forced to lead secret lives (by living in caves like those at Cappadocia, for example)? Use outside sources, if necessary, to get more in depth information.

Jasmine - A Day at The Grand Bazaar

A day in Istanbul, spent at one of the city's oldest functioning markets, the Kapali Carsi, or Grand Bazaar. The Grand Bazaar boasts over 4000 shops and hundreds of years of history. It provides an unspoiled example of Turkish tradition, highlighting musical instruments, Turkish carpets, and the Masallah ceremony. The article is an exploration of Turkish culture through the age-old convention of commerce.

What Jasmine says is true: what better way to learn about a culture than a walk through the market? What can you tell about Turkey from a walk through the Grand Bazaar? Look at other Worldtrek dispatches about markets in other parts of the world. What can you tell about hose cultures? Lastly, take a walk through a mall, supermarket, or grocery store near your hometown? What can you tell about your own culture?

Kavitha - Istanbul's Beloved Jewel
Kids' version available

A description of the Golden Horn, Istanbul's natural harbor, and its importance throughout history. The founding of Byzantium, the Fall of Constantinople, and the city's prime location for trade between Asia and Europe are discussed.

Before air travel, waterways were by far the most efficient means of transportation. Istanbul's location at the mouth of the Black Sea, along with its perfect harbor, made it the ideal location for a city to thrive on trade. Monica mentions a few other such locations (Panama, Suez, etc.) at the beginning of her dispatch. As a class or individually, have your students look at a world map and find other examples where natural geography lent itself to the founding of a thriving city.

Kavitha - Karina of Circassi Part III: In the Hotbed of Intrigue and Deceit
Kid's version available

The following is the third and final part of a fictitious story about what life is like for a young girl brought to live in the Ottoman Sultan's harem in Topkapi Palace, Istanbul set around the 17th or 18th century. It includes facts about the palace, the upbringing of the girls, the important role of the Queen Mother, the interactions with the sultan, and the sheltered life of the crown prince.

n the end, the story shows that much of history has been determined by women. However, more often than not, this has been "behind the scenes". Think of the wives, sisters, mothers and daughters of "the great men" that fill our history books. Can you and your class think of other cases where women have drastically influenced the course of history, even though they may not have received their due credit at the time?

Monica - Troy Through the Eyes of a Thirteen-Year-Old

A thirteen-year-old describes the ancient site of Troy.

Make sure your students know the full story of the city Troy, as told in Homer's The Iliad. Though The Iliad is a fictional story, it is thought to be founded on historical fact, supported by the discovery of the ancient city of Troy that Monica and Genesis visited.

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