Middle East
Teacher's Guide
 

February 12, 2000 Update
Remember, the "Kids' Versions" are aimed at K-6.

Check out this date's update
 
The team generated the following reports: Try the following activities:

Team - What the Gods Have Joined Man Has Put Asunder: The Ancient City of Miletus

The Team experiences the siege of the ancient port city of Miletus by Alexander the Great, and learns about its maritime and cultural dominance. Includes information on Thales, philosophy, geometry, Memnon, ruins and warfare.

Using the same method Thales used on the Pyramids, figure out the height of your school building (or any other large object or structure) by measuring its shadow at the same time of day that your own shadow equals your own height. Discuss the geometry behind this technique, and the ancient origins of other laws of geometry.

Abeja - The Many Faces of God Here in Ephesus

This article traces the history of Ephesus from its foundation through Roman times, focussing on the worship of Cybele/Artemis/Diana as the patron goddess-'til the Christians came along. It touches upon the Hittites, Ionia, the Persian Wars, Alexander the Great, and the Romans. Includes a sidebar about the seven wonders of the ancient world.

This dispatch shows how cultures and traditions can combine and metamorphose over time. Ephesus was a crossroads and melting pot of the ancient world, as illustrated by the changing status of the temple. Consulting various sources (an encyclopedia, the internet, etc.) ask your students to compare Artemis, Cybelle, and Diana, the goddesses that the temple of Ephesus was dedicated to. Are they different goddesses completely, the same goddess but from different cultures? Follow up with a more general discussion about cultural fusion, perhaps using illustrations closer to home (fusion of music, food, religion, etc.)

Andrew - Black Magic, Fat Rhymes, and Dead Tongues

The Team visits the Museum of Anatolian Civilization in Ankara. Andrew delves into the history of the Hittites. He looks at their religion, laws, customs, and art. They also uncover some interesting facts about black magic.

Using Andrew's dispatch as a jumping off point, discuss what you have learned about the Hittites and how they relate to the other ancient civilizations presented in this update.

Jasmine - Walking Through History: A Journey Along the Turquoise Coast

The Team visits The Mediterranean and Aegean coast of southern Turkey to discuss life in the ancient kingdoms from 1200 BC to 545 BC. They focus on the ancient Lycians as a case study, highlighting their history, accomplishments and influence on neighboring kingdoms. They travel to the ancient Lycian cities of Olimpos, Simena, Myra, and Kekova, home of the 'Batik Sehir' or Sunken City.

This dispatch tells us about the turbulent history of this region of Turkey. To put the many facts in Jasmine's dispatch into context, create a timeline of the Lycian civilization from 1200 - 500 BCE, marking all the events related in this dispatch and any other you might find in outside sources. Also check out the Odyssey's timeline for Turkey.

Monica - Now, THAT's Old! Remains of the City of Çatalhöyük
NOTE: Kids' Version Available

Monica visits the excavations of Çatalhöyük, one of the earliest permanent human settlements in the world, found in central Anatolia.

Discuss the importance of irrigation and domesticated animals, both of which appear for the first time in Çatalhöyük. These technologies are what led to civilization, and the world, as we know it. They allowed humans to produce more food and thus allowed them to live in towns and cities in greater populations. Before these developments, humans lived in small groups of nomadic hunter-gatherers. Supplement your discussion with outside sources if necessary.

 
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