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Middle East - Teachers Guide

On this Teachers Guide page you will find the itinerary for the upcoming Israel / Palestinian Territories and Turkey stay.

On this Teachers Guide page you will find:

1 - Title of every update the Team has posted during this part of the Trek. NOTE: You can click on this for the Teachers' Tips - quick summaries of each of the dispatches that were posted in that update, along with activity suggestions.
2 - A brief list of the key topics covered in the update.


What's in the Current Update?

April 29, 2000: Leaving Iran: The Team's Last Insights on the Shrouded Nation
  • Life and times of the Ayatollah
  • When father doesn't know best...
  • The many faces of Iran
  • A poetic farewell to Persia
  • Culture clash in Tehran
Trekkers pale in comparison to the intricate tile work around them!
Caption


Israel /
Palestinian Territories
Stay

(Dec 15, 1999 - Feb 2, 2000)

Turkey Stay

(Feb 5 - Mar 4, 2000)

Iran Stay

(Mar 25 - April 22, 2000)
Israel Turkey Iran


Israel / Palestinian Territories Stay
(December 15, 1999 - February 2, 2000)

An Introduction to the Conflict, Moses and Abraham (Ibrahim) - Week 1

Click here for corresponding National Standards

It's Hanukkah, Christmas, Ramadan AND the New Millenium! - Week 2
Click here for corresponding National Standards

A Tour of Old Jerusalem: One Powerful Kilometer Squared!
Plus the Romans and Crusaders in the Holy Land
- Week 3

Click here for corresponding National Standards

Carving Up Palestine: New Jerusalem and East Jerusalem, two sides to a sacred coin - Weeks 4 and 5
Click here for corresponding National Standards

Modern Israel, the Emerging Palestinian State, and the Peace Process - Weeks 5 and 6
Click here for corresponding National Standards




Week 1 - An Introduction to the Conflict, Moses and Abraham (Ibrahim)
(Updates December 15 & 18)

December 15, 1999: Shalom! The Team arrives in Israel
  • An overview of the Israeli conflict
  • History re-written in the Middle East
  • The revitalization of Hebrew
  • Discussion of the World Trade Organization (WTO)
December 18, 1999: A Middle East Feast of Religion and more!
  • Egyptian battles with Israel, Syria, Lebanon and other Arab nations
  • The divided history of Israel and Palestine
  • Modern-day Cairo
  • Jesus in Jerusalem
  • Story of the Patriarch, Abraham
  • History of Hanukkah, Ramadan, Christmas, and Kwanzaa
  • Promises of the Promised Land
  • City kids exploring Hanukkah


Week 2 - It's Hanukkah, Christmas, Ramadan AND the New Millenium!
(Updates December 22 & January 5)

December 22, 1999: On the Brink of 2000, the Odyssey Explores a Religious Legacy
  • Modern day Nazareth and the conflicts that exist there between Muslim and Christian Arabs
  • Abeja discovers a bustling Bethlehem
  • Kevin explores the birth of a Jewish state
  • St. Helena Created the Stations of the Cross?
  • Ramadan and the Muslim tradition of fasting for a month
  • A visitor's impressions of Bethlehem
  • Why the millennium is really in 2001
  • Making a Difference by being a conscientious consumer
January 5, 2000: A "New Year" of Travel for The Odyssey
  • History of Haifa, Israel (world center of the Bahá'í faith)
  • Holiday of Holidays interfaith festival
  • Life at Palestine's Balata Refugee Camp after the Intifadah
  • Y2K celebrations in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem
  • Muslim and Jewish calendars
  • Bethlehem's Church of St. Catherine's (Christmas Eve Mass)
  • "Seeds of Peace" Youth Organization


Week 3 - A Tour of Old Jerusalem: One Powerful Kilometer Squared! Plus the Romans and Crusaders in the Holy Land
(Updates January 8 & 12)

January 8, 2000: Trekking Through Time and Space, the Team Experiences Israel Past and Present
  • The complex history of Jaffa and its present-day charm
  • Firsthand experience of the religious fervor in Jerusalem including the "Jerusalem Syndrome"
  • The life of Lawrence of Arabia
  • Y2K celebrations in Jerusalem from the point of view of an extraterrestrial
  • The story of the Masada fortress and the Zealots who defended it
January 12, 2000: Trekking Through Time and Space, the Team Experiences Israel Past and Present
  • Role of the Holocaust in Israel (past and present)
  • Four Living Quarters of Jerusalem's Old City
  • Ramaden (Muslim month of feasting)
  • City of Caesarea, then and now
  • Visit to Crusader Castle in Acre, Israel (brief history of Crusaders)

Week 4 - Carving Up Palestine: New Jerusalem and East Jerusalem, two sides to a sacred coin
(Updates January 15 & 19)

January 15, 2000 - Conflict and Coexistence in the Holy Land

  • Different approaches to conflict resolution, and information on intentional communities
  • The story of the historical town of Safed in the Galilee during the struggle for independence
  • The story of Israel's road to independence
  • A visit to the Dome of the Rock, in Jerusalem, a very holy site for both Jews and Muslims
January 19, 2000: Discovering Differences in Life, Art and Politics in Israel
  • Old and New Jerusalem (Differences between Arab, Jewish, and Christian quarters)
  • Communities of Kohav Yair and Tira
  • Team Involvement in a Political Protest in Hebron
  • Kibbutz History and Present-day Lifestyle


Weeks 5 and 6 - Modern Israel, the Emerging Palestinian State, and the Peace Process
(Updates January 22, 26 & 29)

January 22, 2000: Israel's Path to Peace is Full of Obstacles

  • Israel's Youth
  • Israel and Syria Peace Talks
  • Massacre at Deir Yassin
  • The Dead Sea
  • History, Culture, Politics, and Religion of the Druze
  • Dr. Hanan Ashrawi, Palestinian rights and spokesperson for the Middle East Peace talks

January 26, 2000: Finding a Common Ground for Peace in Israel
  • Struggle of Young Israeli Artists (The Foundation for Art in the Community, Cross Cultural Dialogue)
  • "Pieces for Peace" Art Project (Brings Arab Israeli, Jewish Israeli, and Palestinian Youth Together)
  • Detailed History of Israel (Following One Family's Experiences)
  • Jerusalem's Color Games
  • Seeds of Peace Center for Coexistence in Jerusalem

January 29, 2000: More Tales of War and Its Consequences
  • A day in the life of Gaza City - culture, politics, and history of the Gaza Strip
  • The Israeli Defense Force, war with Lebanon, and shell shock.
  • Military service, the draft, conscientious objectors, refugee camps, terrorists, etc.
  • The politics of access to water in the dry Middle East.

February 2, 2000: Refugees, Extremists, and Goodbyes: A Farewell to Israel/Palestine
  • Photo essay: Young Palestinian Refugee
  • Palestinian Refugee Camp of Dheisheh
  • Farewell to a Divided Palestine
  • Informative Team Visit to Arab Side of Hebron
  • Terrorist Islamic Resistant Movement--Hamas
  • Jasmine's Trip Stateside for Holidays
  • The Israeli-Syrian Peace Negotiations


Turkey Stay
(February 5 - March 20, 2000)

A Great and Distant Past - Weeks 1 and 2

Click here for corresponding National Standards

Influence from the West - Weeks 2 and 3
Click here for corresponding National Standards

Influence from the East- Week 3 and 4
Click here for corresponding National Standards

The Turkish State- Weeks 4 and 5
Click here for corresponding National Standards

Modern Turkey-Culture, Environment, and Challenges - Weeks 5 and 6
Click here for corresponding National Standards




Weeks 1 and 2 - A Great and Distant Past
(Updates February 5, 9, 12 & 16)

February 5, 2000: You Say Goodbye and I Say Hello: The Trek Hits Turkey
  • An introduction to Turkey, its unique geography and language
  • Introducing Andrew and Brian, new trekkers
  • Farewell to Kevin, who will remain in Israel
  • Interview with Dr. Saeb Erakat, chief negotiator for the PLA


February 9, 2000: Gods and Monsters in Turkey!
  • Eternal Flame of the Chimera -- Cirali, Turkey (Mythological History)
  • Visit to a Hamam (Turkish Bathhouse)
  • History of Agriculture in the Fertile Crescent
  • Wealth and Poverty in Turkey (Imaginative Comparison of "City-dwellers" and "Country Folk")
  • Ancient Associations between Elements and Directions
  • Olimpos


February 12, 2000: Turkey Through the Ages: The Team Tells the Tale
  • The history, monuments, and great thinkers of the ancient city of Miletus.
  • The complex history of the ancient city of Ephesus, with special emphasis on the temple of Ephesus, one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world.
  • The religion, laws, customs and art of the Hittites.
  • Turkey's Turquoise Coast and the Lycians who lived there from 1200BC to 545BC.
  • The archaeological site of Çatalhöyük, the earliest site in the world (8000BCE) showing irrigation and domestic animals.


February 16, 2000: We're walking on history!!!
  • The effects of the 1999 earthquake on a Turkish high school
  • An overview of ancient and modern Demre
  • A journey through the many layers of Ephesian history
  • A focus on Black achievers in all fields.
  • The layers of civilization found at Gordion, and the legend of King Midas.


Weeks 2 and 3 - Influence from the West
(Updates: February 19 & 23)

February 19, 2000: Stories of Recent Tragedy and Ancient Mystery
  • Interview with children survivors of the August earthquake in the city of Yalova.
  • First-hand account of earthquake rescue efforts from a volunteer
  • The value of volunteering
  • 1500-year life of the monumental Chuch turned Mosque turned Museum, Aya Sophia
  • The Roman ruins of Pergamum, its health spa, and its most famous citizen, Galen the physician

February 23, 2000: From Santa to Shadow Puppets - Turkey's full of cultural delights!
  • The Lowdown on the Ho-meister!
  • Call me Izmir?
  • Life without unions was dangerous!
  • The struggle to adapt to "temporary" environments
  • Life without unions was dangerous
  • A dream starts in one place and lands in another

February 26, 2000: Impressions of Turkey, Past and Present
  • Visit Konya, learn about the Seljuk Empire and Sultans, Turkish carpets, and Turkish hospitality
  • Compare Mark Twain's impression of Istanbul with those of Andrew, world trekker
  • Take a tour of the streets, busses, food and daily life of Istanbul
  • Visit Sultanahmet, the neighborhood with Aya Sofia, the Blue Mosque, and Topkapi Palace
  • Visit the historical Central Anatolian town of Kutahya, where Attaturk beat the Greeks and artisans produce traditional Turkish tiles
Week 3 and 4 - Influence from the East
(Update: March 1 & 4)
March 1, 2000: Conquerors, Concubines and Rappin' Poets Liven up Turkey
  • The history of Homer and Epic Greek Poems
  • WWI Battlefields of Gallipoli (Dardanelles, Mehmet II and the Conquest of Istanbul)
  • Wrap-up of Odyssey's Tribute to Black History Month
  • Visit to Istanbul's Blue Mosque
  • Part I & Part 2 of "Karina of Circassia" (fictitious story of young girl's life in the Ottoman Sultan's harem in Topkapi Palace, Istanbul)


March 4, 2000: From the Everyday to the Bazaar, Turkey's Wonders Are Revealed
  • Inside Istanbul's famous Grand Bizarre.
  • History and science of the strange calcium formations at the hot springs of Pamukkale.
  • History and explanation of the ancient underground cities and caves of Cappadocia.
  • History of the Golden Horn, Istanbul's natural harbor, and other Istanbul landmarks.
  • A fictional story about the life of one of the Sultan's concubines in the 17th-18th century.


Week 4 and 5 - The Turkish State


March 8, 2000: The Power of Words, People and History in Turkey
  • Mevlana (Rumi's final resting place in Konya)
  • Kemal Ataturk: Father of the Turkish Republic
  • Turkey's Whirling Dervishes
  • Ataturk's Mausoleum
  • Ankara: Growth and Development
  • Modern Day Pera (Old District)
  • Disintegration of the Ottoman Empire (before and during WWI)
  • Rumi Poetry


Weeks 5 and 6 - Modern Turkey-Culture, Environment, and Challenges
(Updates: March 11, 15 & 18)

March 11, 2000: Dance, Destruction, and Dreams: The Final Days In Turkey
  • Witness Turkish dance, traditions, costumes and music at a high school in Yalova, Turkey.
  • Cooperation between organizations across borders inspired by the Trek
  • The art of Turkish hospitality
  • The labor of obtaining the team's travel visa to Iran
  • Youth activism and activities in an earthquake stricken part of Turkey
March 15, 2000: The Birth of a New Turkish Nation
  • Interview with Ahmed Turan Demir, President of the HADEP-People's Democracy Party
  • Kurdish Conflict in Turkey (Human rights abuses and history of political prisoners)
  • Brief History of the Kurds
  • Historic Turkish Wooden Houses
  • Rock Formations in Cappadocia, Turkey
March 18, 2000: From the Feast to the Fight: Views and Voices of Turkey's Mainstream and Margins
  • Leyla Zana's Struggle for Justice in the Face of Turkey's Discrimination Against the Kurds
  • Explaining the Kurdish Dilemma, the PKK and Violence as a Form of Protest in Turkey
  • Visit the Ancient Christian Community Carved out of Stone in Cappadocia, Turkey
  • The Fabulous Cuisine of Turkey
  • Unraveling the Myths of Wealth and Poverty in one of Istanbul's Shanty Towns
  • Turkey Goes on Trial Before the World for Genocide Against the Armenians
March 22, 2000: The Changing Face of Turkey
  • Visit to Fertile Crescent
  • Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP)
  • Sanliurfa (Ancient/Modern City)
  • One Girl's Efforts to Help Turkish Earthquake Victims
  • Princes' Islands
  • Impact of Fall of Former Soviet Union on Turkey (Mass 'Russian' Immigration)
  • Center for Children Working on the Streets of Ankara (CCWSA)




Iran Stay
(March 25 - April 22, 2000)

Ancient Persia - Weeks 1 and 2

Click here for corresponding National Standards

Influence from the East - Weeks 2 and 3
Click here for corresponding National Standards

Iran as a nation-state - Week 4
Click here for corresponding National Standards

Iran today-Culture, Environment, and Challenges - Week 4 and 5
Click here for corresponding National Standards




Weeks 1 and 2 - Ancient Persia
(Updates March 25, 29, & April 1)

March 25, 2000: A Look Behind the Shroud: First Impressions of Iran
  • An ancient Zoroastrian holiday of worshipping fire, involving fire jumping and fireworks.
  • Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice), involving the sacrifice of rams, a reminder of the story of Abraham
  • The Church Thaddeus Gharma Kelise (Black Church) pilgrimage site for Iran's Christian minority
  • The bureaucracy of obtaining a visa for Iran, the adventure of crossing the border
  • A look at Iranian Family life and Persian hospitality
March 29, 2000: The Movers and Shakers of Turkey
  • Tamerlane for Master of the Universe!
  • The human side of apartheid
  • Tonight we're gonna' party like it's 1379!
  • In this war nobody's winning
  • How do you fix a lose/lose situation?
  • The teacher's teacher - Omar Khayyam
April 1, 2000: Persian Ways and Holidays: The Latest Insights from Iran
  • The silk road trade route, caravansari (stops on the route), and cultural exchange that accompanies trade.
  • General information about the people, clothing, music, television, cars, and landscape of Iran.
  • First hand accounts of No Ruz, the celebration of the Persian New Year.
  • The history and significance for Jewish people of the holiday of Purim.
  • Experiences and information about the hejab, modest dress for women in the Islamic Republic of Iran


Weeks 2 and 3 - Influence from the East
(Updates April 5 & 8)

April 5, 2000: The Folk Behind Iranian Folklore
  • Holy Shrine of Emam Reza, Mashhad (Shi'ite Pilgrimage Site)
  • Dynamics of Iranian Families
  • Iran's History through the Life of Nader Shah
  • The Poet Hakim Abulghasim Ferdowsi (Epic Poem: The Shahnama/Farsi Language)
  • The Life of Omar Khayyam
April 8, 2000: Art and Every Day Living in Iran
  • Can I sell you a couch? You don't seem to have any furniture
  • The Mona Lisa hasn't got a chance in Iranian art
  • Peace be upon us in Iran's own version of Islam
  • Aliens are planting buildings in Iran!!!
  • The Team gets MAD about water waste!


Week 4 - Iran as a nation-state

April 12, 2000: Exploring a Natural Way of Living in Persia
  • Deserts of Dasht-é Kavir and Dasht-é Lut, City of Yazd and Desert Living
  • Christianity in Iran (Vank Cathedral/Golden Age of Persian Architecture)
  • History of the Third Great Persian Empire, The Safavid Dynasty
  • Fictitious story of Iranian boy who goes to an American College (Discusses modern beliefs vs. old Zoroastrian traditions)
  • Zoroastrian Houses (Architectural details and relation to religion)


Week 4 and 5 - Iran today-Culture, Environment, and Challenges
(Updates April 15, 19, 22, 26 & 29)

April 15, 2000: Prophets, Poets, and Marvels of Persia
  • Zoroastrian faith, the prophet Zarathustra, and modern day practice in Yazd, Iran
  • Information about eh Masjed-e Emam Mosque, Iran's finest, in Esfahan, Iran
  • The traditions of Seez Deh Bedar, the 13th day of the Persian new year
  • The history of Soltaniye, a small village in the desert with a huge mosque
  • The tombs and poetry of Hafez and Sa'di, two great Persian poets from the city of Shiraz
April 19, 2000: Great Empires, Revolutions, and Architecture in Iran
  • 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran (Pahlevi Dynasty/"Westernization" of Iran by Shah Reza Khan)
  • Ruins of Persepolis (Achaemenian Empire)
  • Historical Importance of Kashan in Central Iran (Discusses architecture and schools)
April 22, 2000: War Ravaged Lands, Ethnic Minorities, and Iran's Very Own Earth Day
  • Reflection from Communities on the Iran/Iraq Border about the 8-year War
  • Islamic Law is Put to the Test when the Trekkers' Bags are Stolen
  • Dancing and Feasting in a Kurdish Village
  • Earth Day: a Celebration and a Reminder
April 26, 2000: Cultures Clash: can the US and Iran stop pointing fingers?
  • The Jesus of Iran: Imam Hussein's Legacy
  • The United States: The Great Satan?
  • Failure, and What We Can Learn from It: the 1979 Hostage Crisis
  • Punishing Iran: 20 Years and Counting
 



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