Guatemala Fact Sheet


Population:
total: 11,561,000
males: 5,835,000
females: 5,726,00
44% of the population is under 15

Population with access to safe water (%):
Urban: 97%
Rural: 48%

Population with access to adequate sanitation (%):
Urban: 91%
Rural: 50%

Total fertility rate: 4.9 children/ female

Adult illiteracy rate (15 yrs. +)

Men: 37.5%
Age 15-24 : 18.3%
Age 25+ : 33.6%

Women: 51.4%
Age 15-24 : 29.3%
Age 25+ : 49.9%

Per capita GDP 1996: $1,446

Life expectancy:
Men: 64.7 yrs.
Women: 69.8 yrs.

Infant mortality: 40/1000 live births

Child mortality rate (per 1000 children ages 0-4 yrs.)
Males: 22.2
Females: 20.1



Source: United Nations web site www.un.org/Depts/unsd/social/main.htm




Terms:

finca: plantation

campesino: peasant- used loosely to include Guatemalans who farm a piece of land and/or hired agricultural workers

latifundios: giant privately-owned farms

land under cultivation: land being used to grow crops

indigenous: native

finquero: manager of a finca

galera: open sleeping barn

Quetzal (Q): Guatemalan currency. 6 Quetzals= ~1 U.S. dollar (1999)



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